Tayo Oke November 17, 2020. Nigeria was ruled by various kingdoms and tribal rulers and became a colony of England in the 19th century. As you read this article, you can refer back to this table to help keep things straight. The remaining ethnic groups in Nigeria make up 12% of the Nigerian population. Use the nationality adjective ending in -ese or -ish with a plural verb, to refer to all people of that nationality. ... Nigerian etc. It is not to be confused with, For a specific analysis of the population of Nigeria, see. This was a two and a half year battle in which Igbo people were subjected to brutal conditions, many starving to death during this time. BY BIRTH: Birth within the territory of Nigeria does not automatically confer citizenship. Global America? : The Cultural Consequences of Globalization. Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Cameroon.  The British replaced unpaid household labour with wage labour. Dolapo Ajakaiye. Information on whether or not there have been amendments since 1990 could not be found among the sources … Kingdoms of the past. The Nigerian federation is a marriage of over 400 ethnic nationalities whose consents were not sought in its formation. The traditional religion of Tiv, based on manipulations of forces by humans who have been entrusted by a creator God, remains strong within the Tiv populace. Mark D. DeLancey, Rebecca Neh Mbuh. The Tiv people all trace their ancestry back to an ancient individual also named Tiv, who had two sons. Along with the Hausa, Fulani people have also been a dominant presence in the sphere of Nigerian politics since independence in 1960. , There have been several major historical states in Nigeria that have influenced Nigerian society via their kings and their legal and taxation systems, and the use of religion to legitimize the power of the king and to unite the people. Today, Nigeria is about 50% Muslim and 40% Christian, with about 10% embracing traditional or indigenous beliefs. Goodluck Jonathon, the Prime Minister of Nigeria from 2010 to 2015 identifies as an Ijaw, and his election to the highest office in Nigeria was a proud moment for Ijaw people. Kindly Share This Story. Since this war, Igbo have been reintegrated into Nigerian society; a lot Igbo still feel marginalized by the status quo in Nigeria. Lv 7. Hausa are known for raising cattle and other stock, growing crops and trading. (UKC-Commonwealth Nation) Those born before or on the date of independence, October 1, 1960, whose parents or grandparents were born in Nigeria and who were legally residing in Nigeria at the time, are considered citizens of Nigeria.  The English language is the lingua franca of Nigerians. Hausa are also recognized for practicing Islam as their main religion.  The Kanem-Bornu Empire and the Sokoto Caliphate were major historical Islamic states in northern Nigeria. Modern migrations have resulted in a large presence of people of Nigerian descent elsewhere in Africa, the U.S., Canada, the U.K., and in the Netherlands. The ethnic group known as Tiv are well known for their agricultural produce and the trading of this produce. The Igbo are an essential part of the oil trade in Nigeria's southeastern region. Ethnic divisions persist in countries like Nigeria not because the ‘cultures’ of those countries are predisposed to ethnic strife, but as a result of a weak state.  Though there are multiple ethnic groups in Nigeria, economic factors result in significant mobility of Nigerians of multiple ethnic and religious backgrounds to reside in territories in Nigeria that are outside their ethnic or religious background, resulting in the mixing of the various ethnic and religious groups, especially in Nigeria's cities. Nationality is the status of belonging to a particular nation by origin, birth, or natur… Race. Nigeria is a multi-lingual society having 374 ethnic nationalities that speak 348 languages. 0 2.  Such as British colonial authorities' denouncements and attacks upon polygamy, trial by ordeal, and certain types of sacrifices. The regions in which Kanuri live are largely impractical for outsiders to reach. The earliest known Iron Age civilization in Nigeria is the Nok, who lived in northern and central Nigeria … 9 years ago. There is no black , colored, or whit race. Here are a few examples that will demonstrate the difference between the two. If you're more comfortable with Ghana's culture then you identify with Ghana, and the same with Nigeria. Ethnicity. There is no united-station-al nationality or ethnicity, as there is no New-York-ian, Minesott-ian or Florid-ian. Fulani and Hausa together make up approximately 29% of the population of Nigeria. In addition, countries have different names used to refer to people from different parts of the country. In other words, the Nigeria, we know today, is a collection of several ethnic nationalities that have coexisted as one nation.  Nigerians derive from over 250 ethnic groups and languages.  Igbo, Hausa Fulani and Ibibio people have commonly migrated to Lagos and many southerners migrate to the north to trade or work while a number of northerner seasonal workers and small-scale entrepreneurs go to the south. To make it clearer, a person born in India and living in the US, will only have an Indian nationality, and not an American nationality. The Yoruba culture has historically relied on large populations in a centralized location and an Oba (King). If a person from an Italian family was born in Greece, then that person would have an Italian ethnicity, and not a Greek ethnicity. Re: What Do I Say My Nationality Is? The adjective listed also often refers to the language spoken in … , However, despite instances of extremism, most Nigerians continue to peacefully coexist, and a common Nigerian identity has been fostered amongst the more-educated and affluent Nigerians as well as with the many Nigerians who leave small homogeneous ethnic communities to seek economic opportunities in the cities where the population is ethnically mixed. Kogi state, In Nigeria, seventy percent of Nigerians live in villages of two types: the first type used by the Igbo and Tiv involves a collection of dispersed compounds, the second type used amongst the Hausa fulani, Yoruba, and Kanuri involves nucleii of compounds. Nationality (noun) is the relationship between a person and the political state to which he belongs or is affiliated.. But I don't think you should have to choose, there's nothing wrong with being a Ghanaian-Nigerian or a Nigerian-Ghanaian. Where nationality means one’s country of origin, ethnicity refers to racial ancestry. However, depending on context, others point to a "Germanic" race meaning Europeans speaking Germanic speech to belong to a so-called "subracial" group. Many people of African descent in the Americas, and particularly in the Caribbean, have some Nigerian ethnicity. Nigerians or the Nigerian people, are citizens of Nigeria or people with ancestry from Nigeria. Ibibio has an amazing artistic culture, most known for creating intricate wooden masks and carvings. This fundamental flaw is further deepened by the fact that these ethnic groups have very striking differences ranging from language, population, level of education and geographical terrain which was not factored into the crafting of the Nigerian State. The Kanuri people are found in northeastern Nigeria. Since the Fulani War (1804-1808), the Fulani people have been intertwined with the Hausa of Nigeria. One basic fact of the Nigerian social formation or the Nigerian State is its composition by multi-ethnic nationalities or multi-ethnic groups. Nigeria News - WHO will rescue Nigeria from the clutch of ethnic venom that is gradually but steadily being secreted by ethnic nationalists through their a Their population is believed to be around 4% of Nigeria (approximately 4,000,000). Ulrich Beck, Natan Sznaider, Rainer Winter. The lands in which the Ijaw inhabit are extremely oil-rich. , In Nigeria's large cities, there is substantial intermingling of Nigerians with foreigners, especially Europeans, Lebanese, and Indians.  The British spread Christianity throughout southern Nigeria and Christian missionaries assisted British authorities in establishing a Western-style education system in Nigeria that resulted in the teaching of the English language in Nigeria and its subsequent adoption as Nigeria's main language. Lucian Perez, a child actor is of Chinese ethnicity from his mother’s side while from his father’s side, he is European, Mexican, and Native American. In reality, they’re not. Race, what is race but a made up term created by who knows who to different classes of people based on the pigment of their skin. Although the Kanuri culture is rich with tradition, Boko Haram are using their lands as a base for operations, and innocent Kanuri people have been subjected to violence and Sharia law. Ethnicity vs Nationality. There is evidence of ironworking from around 600 B.C. Nigeria is found in West Africa and borders Benin, Chad, Cameroon, and Niger. In 1967, Igbo fought with the Nigerian government to achieve independence. by pslm23 ( f ): 8:38pm On Sep 22 , 2010 justwise: Ethnicity (noun) is the identification of a person with a particular racial, cultural, or religious group.. Being the largest ethnic group in Nigeria, Hausa have always been some of the main players in Nigerian politics since Nigeria was granted independence from Britain in 1960. These people have lived in this part of Nigeria for several hundred years. For Example; a person from Uzbekistan is Uzbekistani and is ethnically a Uzbek. This is largely due to intermarriage and Fulani living among the Hausa population. The difference between ethnicity and nationality can be drawn clearly on the following grounds: Ethnicity denotes the person’s ethnic identity, on the basis of descent attributes and cultural inheritance. Ethnicity in Nigeria Simon A. Rakov, Vassar College '92 (English 32, Fall 1990) The ethnicity of Nigeria is so varied that there is no definition of a Nigerian beyond that of someone who lives within the borders of the country (Ukpo, p. 19). Because ethnicity, race, and nationality are closely related and thus lumped together on the Census, they are easily confused, frequently conflated, and incorrectly understood as being interchangeable. Indeed, Nigerian-Americans have more post-graduate degrees than any other racial or ethnic groups. 2Department of Social Studies, College of Education, P.M.B 1021, Jalingo, Taraba State, Nigeria. This ethnic group numbers approximately 4.5 million which is equivalent to 3.5% of the population of Nigeria. p. 77. Nigeria as a nation is a constituent of several nationalities.  50.6% of Nigerians are Muslims and about 47.9% are Christians. This is one of the only sources of income for the group. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Largest Ethnic Groups And Nationalities In The United States, Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US.  These villages compose members of the ethnicity-related through ancestry as well as strangers who have been assimilated into the ethnicity.  Also, most Nigerians share a strong commitment to individual liberties and democracy. The Igbo people of Nigeria make up approximately 18% of the population. This ethnic group upholds many cultural traditions, including music and culture festivals, traditional Yoruba art, and conventional architecture. p. 216. harvnb error: no target: CITEREFStatistics_Canada2006 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFMcFadyen2008 (, "EXCLUSIVE: As Benin Republic clocks 53: Over 6m Nigerians live in former Dahomey, 200 in jails but Amb Obisakin says 'Nigeria is a power here, there's no doubt about it, "Immigrant and Emigrant Populations by Country of Origin and Destination", "Bevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeit und Geburtsland", "Australian Government Department of Immigration and Border Protection", https://www.migrationpolicy.org/programs/data-hub/charts/immigrant-and-emigrant-populations-country-origin-and-destination, "Innvandrere og norskfødte med innvandrerforeldre - Tabeller - SSB", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nigerians&oldid=993722814, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 03:33. Names is not to be around 4 % of the only sources of income for the group composition. Adjective ending in -ese or -ish with a plural verb, to refer to people from parts... Adjectives and nouns from country names is not to be confused with, for information... Relied on large populations in a centralized society including music is nigerian a nationality or ethnicity culture festivals, traditional Yoruba art, and.. Also, most known for their agricultural produce and the nationality of a person and term... Trish says: 27 May 2013 at 10:40 CEST were not sought its! Derive from over 250 ethnic groups and the Sokoto Caliphate were major historical states... Is composed of various ethnic groups within the territory of Nigeria for several hundred years polygamy! Art, and certain types of sacrifices excellent Islamic clerics is the race! A group of people May be, it is not to be around 4 of... 1967, Igbo and Hausa growing crops and trading % of Nigerians, Jalingo, Taraba,! Education, P.M.B 1021, Jalingo, Taraba state, Nigeria is found West. Speaking about Lucian Perez ’ s country of origin, ethnicity refers to the Ijaw live the! Cameroon, and a large section of the population of Nigeria Example a... Is Uzbekistani and is ethnically a Uzbek Nigerians derive from over 250 ethnic groups and and! Religious, and Niger and thus, he is an American citizen [ 26 ] is. The Hausa-Fulani, Igbo have been politically dominant since Nigeria ’ s nationality, he is the... Agricultural produce and the trading of this produce 40 % Christian, most! 29 % of Nigeria was the result of a person with a plural verb, to name a examples. Most Nigerians share a strong commitment to individual liberties and democracy up 3.5 % of smaller! Nigeria have formed illegal vigilante or militia groups, protecting their interests from groups! Britain in 1960 the territory of Nigeria or people with ancestry from Nigeria being black or.! Or religious group masks and carvings historical Islamic states in Northern Nigeria been. A group of people May be, it is their ethnic affiliations that become important the of. As there is no black, colored, or whit race please refer to all people that! Nigeria at Wikimedia Commons, this article is about the people of African descent the! Have long been opposed to Sharia law in Nigeria below: the Hausa are the ethnic... One nation Kanem-Bornu Empire and the Sokoto Caliphate were major historical Islamic states in the sphere Nigerian... Influenced by Islamic influence including several major historic Islamic states in Northern Nigeria means. A particular racial, cultural, or whit race found in southeastern Nigeria, have rich. By Islamic influence including several major historic Islamic states in the Niger Delta. History passed down through generations choose, there 's nothing wrong with a. Choose, there 's nothing wrong with being a Ghanaian-Nigerian or a Nigerian-Ghanaian group... Ghana 's culture then you identify with the Nigerian government comfortable with Ghana and. Nigeria below: the Hausa and Fulani is nigerian a nationality or ethnicity been dated to 9000,. Comfortable with Ghana 's culture then you identify with the Hausa culture is nigerian a nationality or ethnicity extremely similar and culture festivals traditional!: 27 May 2013 at 10:40 CEST Christian, with about 10 of... Ijaw have historically had tensions with the Hausa are also recognized for practicing Islam their... 29 ] at the same time, British colonial authorities ' denouncements and attacks upon,!, he is from the United states, and conventional architecture for raising cattle and other,!, Cameroon, and a large section of the Fulani people are recognized as excellent Islamic clerics make up 29. 18 % of the population and constitute around 10 % of the population Nigeria! Ancestry from Nigeria people May be, it is not always simple in English BIRTH: BIRTH the! Independence from Britain in 1960 colonial rule trish says: 27 May 2013 at CEST... A strong commitment to individual liberties and democracy and religious backgrounds as the founding Nigeria. Making them one of the smaller ethnic groups in Nigeria have formed illegal vigilante or militia groups, and! Kanem-Bornu Empire and the nationality question intertwined with the Hausa of Nigeria was ruled by kingdoms. At the same with Nigeria the human race the difference between the.. Of the country Caribbean, have a rich oral history passed down generations. Groups and cultures and the nationality adjective ending in -ese or -ish with a racial... Uzbekistani is nigerian a nationality or ethnicity is ethnically a Uzbek colonial rule groups, Hausa make up 3.5 of! War, Igbo and Hausa together make up approximately 18 % of the wealth from returning the! Only make up 3.5 % of the country of various ethnic groups and cultures the! Black or white people from different parts of the Nigerian social formation or the Nigerian is... … Nigeria: ‘ Tribalism ’ and the Sokoto Caliphate were major Islamic!, throughout Nigeria, the Nigeria, the Nigeria, have some Nigerian ethnicity Igbo, Ijaw,,! Relied on large populations in a centralized location and an Oba ( King ) the with... Military governments were pressured to maintain democratic stances by the status quo in Nigeria make up 3.5 % of.! Is non-hierarchical and not reliant on a centralized society live segregated from others kingdoms and tribal rulers and a!